Let’s talk about the structure of the soul.
For the purpose of this essay, the terms soul, self, intelligence, and consciousness, refer to the same item, the difference between the terms being largely referential or pertaining to context. See here and here
This essay will be dealing with subtle distinctions, but they are important distinctions for students of self and truth. I will contrast them as best I can, and hopefully readers will gain new insight into their self.
The First Station of Consciousness
The first attribute of consciousness is awareness of surroundings; and awareness of surroundings is situated on the outer layer of consciousness; and this situated awareness of surroundings is what we will term the first station of consciousness. 
The surroundings around consciousness of which consciousness is aware are the mind or mental layer with all its thoughts, imaginative, verbal and other; the emotional layer with all its emotions, feelings and moods; and the physical layer of bodily sensations and senses.
These three surrounding layers are the personality layers. For more on that see here and here, and use the blog’s search function to search previous posts on cognitive mechanics, personality layers, consciousness, faculties of consciousness, intelligence…
If you hold your awareness of surroundings, then you are stationed in your first station of consciousness. The first station of consciousness is that place and state from where we are calmly aware of our surroundings, including any or all of our mental, emotional, physical, and environmental surroundings.
The inside aspect of the First Station of Consciousness
The inside aspect of the first station of consciousness is your awareness of your own existence as the observer of your surroundings. It is awareness of your own awareness, or in other words, awareness’s awareness of itself. 
This second station of consciousness is awareness of self, is awareness of your own existence as a conscious being. Whereas awareness of surroundings is the outward looking aspect of consciousness, the inward looking aspect of consciousness. These two stations of consciousness, one looking outward and aware of surroundings, and one looking inward and aware of self, stand back to back with each other.
So they might be termed either two stations, or, one station with two aspects and perspectives. Usually when referring to the first station of consciousness, I will be referring to them both, being the station of awareness of self and surroundings.
After centering yourself in the first station of consciousness and establishing observant awareness of your surroundings, you can add to that your awareness of your self as the observer, being awareness of your own consciousness, so that you are aware both outwardly and inwardly at the same time.
So, from this station we can simultaneously be aware externally of our surroundings and aware internally of our conscious self.
This station of external and internal awareness is situated on and comprises the outer layer of our consciousness.
Symbolically, this first station is depicted as a circle with an arrow pointing outwards and an arrow pointing inwards, the circle representing consciousness and the two arrows indicating the external and internal directions of awareness that consciousness possesses.
First attribute of consciousness; awareness of self and surroundings.
This first station and its two aspects or perspectives is also analogous to a hollow ball with an eye upon its outside surface looking outward at the world, and behind and back to back with that eye there is another eye upon the ball’s inside surface looking oppositely inward at the ball’s own interior.
The first station is also like a man standing outside a room with his back against the closed door, observing everything outside of the room, and behind the man, standing back to back to him, on the inside of the door, there stands another man observing everything inside the room. The room represents consciousness. These two men, one looking outward, one looking inward, function as one, in communication and cooperation with each other. [1&2]
So we see that the first station of consciousness is as two stations close together and back to back, one looking inward and one looking outward, being awareness of self and surroundings.
So we can now see that the first attribute of consciousness, being awareness, is situated at the first station of consciousness, and has inward and outward perspectives, of self and surroundings.
The Second Station of Consciousness.
When from the first station, the internal awareness reaches within towards the centre of consciousness and up a little, here is found the second station of consciousness, the station of free choice or freewill. 
This second station of consciousness directs the functions of the first station of consciousness. For example, the first station may focus its awareness of surroundings upon one thing or another, or may widen the scope of its awareness broadly to take in a wider view, which it does so by command from the station of freewill.
The station of freewill issues commands to the internal awareness which obeys and immediately communicates those commands to the external awareness which also obeys accordingly. And the external awareness relays its impressions of external surroundings via the internal awareness back to the station of freewill.
The station of awareness of self and surroundings takes its directions from the station of freewill, and the station of freewill has ability to assess, judge, decide, and direct.
Similar to the station of awareness, the station of freewill also has two sides, an outward looking side and an inward/upward looking side. The outward side looks at the first station’s inward aspect, to which it issues directions and receives impressions relayed inwardly from the station’s awareness of surroundings.
The Third Station of Consciousness
The inside aspect of the station of freewill looks further within and upwards towards the inner upper ceiling of consciousness at which place is found the third station of consciousness. 
Whereas the first station (that of awareness of self and surroundings) automatically complies with commands from the second station (that of freewill), the second station receives communications from the third station but is not bound to automatically comply with those communications and may disregard them.
This third station of consciousness is the station of conscience, from which the station of freewill is free to comply or not. But a wise and sensible freewill operates by its freewill in conjunction with conscience.
The station of conscience is the highest sense within oneself of what is good and right to do. It is situated at the inner upper pinnacle of consciousness. It is like a skylight in the ceiling of consciousness.
The station of conscience imparts beneficial communications and energies to the station of freewill, which the station of freewill may receive and give forth, so as to well rule and govern his housing and benefit his life,… or he may disregard conscience. That is what freewill is.
It should be clear here that I am not referring to the conscience commonly referred to in contemporary psychology and clinical counselling, which is commonly termed a psychological construct and consists of personal, familial, and social values, or judgement values, or even “following your gut”, listening to your emotions and feelings… They are all false consciences, reflections of the true conscience which is not an artificial construct but an actual organ within the soul, a light at the inner upper pinnacle of consciousness. Contemporary psychology does not venture where this blog goes.
So we can see that these three stations of consciousness — the station of awareness, of freewill, and of conscience — are the locations of and form the structural relationships of the corresponding three attributes of consciousness, and which are also the three types of intelligence, and which is why by the terms soul, intelligence, and consciousness, I refer to the same item or entity.
The Fourth Station of Consciousness
Further within and upward, through and above conscience exists another station of consciousness. 
This fourth station of consciousness is that of which conscience is the voice of within our self; it is that from which our consciousness extends; it is that from which flows the energies into conscience that freewill may be the recipient and beneficiary of if it chooses to align itself and operate in conjunction with conscience; it is that part of God from which we as individuals extend, and to which we are attached, and which is enough of God for our self, and which is qualitatively, essentially and potentially, the same as God, is part of God, and is God.
In a sense, this fourth station of consciousness is both our self and God; it is our master self, our higher self, our overself, our God within and above our self. it is that part of God for us, with which communication occurs.
There is, of course, a Greater God, a God the One, the Absolute, the all pervasive ever extensive potential from which all comes forth and extends from, and just as our own God within and above our self communicates to us through our conscience, so too, God the Absolute communicates to us through our own God within and above our self. And just as our body and psychological mechanism of behaviour, emotions, mind, consciousness and the stations of consciousness are hierarchical yet is the one entity which is our self and of which we are aware of all our parts, so too reality is hierarchical yet is one, intelligence is hierarchical yet is one, and so too God is hierarchical yet is the one entity and aware of all his parts, of which each of us are parts.
Notice that your hand has its own awareness of what your hand touches, but the awareness in your hand is not aware of you the consciousness in the head that is aware of the hand’s awareness and of what the hand touches, and notice that you are also aware of what your other hand touches, and of what your feet touch, for they are each a separate awareness in themselves, unaware of each other, but your greater awareness in the head from which those lesser awareness extend is aware of all those lesser awareness, and you easily subsume those lesser awareness into your own awareness and use their combined awareness to coordinate them, and without them even knowing it.
And further, the awareness of your first station of consciousness is known by your second station of consciousness, and your second station is known by your third, and your third by your fourth, and so on. We are each like a leaf connected to a stalk, connected to a twig, to a larger twig, to a branch, to a limb, to the trunk of a great tree of conscious life and knowledge, which is God, and so God is aware of everything through the awareness that everything has of itself and of what is without and around and within and above itself. And by these same all pervasive connections so God is within everything.
Between each station of consciousness there exists a communication line  which carries energies in form of information and power (effect). The flow of communication runs both ways, mostly power/effect flows downward and outward, and information of different kinds flows both ways. 
Some further points and suggestions
A student of self and of the human condition can first differentiate between the stations intellectually and objectively, and when objectively grasped, then internalise those distinctions, find the stations of consciousness internally, so as to experience their qualities and functions subjectively and actually. For more suggestions on this, see here
With a little practice you may centre yourself in the first station of consciousness, holding your awareness of yourself and surroundings; then draw in, back, and up a little, to the second station of consciousness from where you can direct the awareness that is the first station; then reach within and upwards to the ceiling of your consciousness, to where conscience is, your highest sense of what is good and right to do.
Sense these stations as nodes of your own consciousness, even as nodes of light, connected to each other by a communication line, a thread of light. Practice being conscious of the stations, of their place in your consciousness, and of their qualities and functions. Learn to activate and operate them in yourself.
Practice being conscious of the flow of energies up and down the communication line that runs through and between the stations of consciousness. Observe the downward and outward flow of authority and commands, and the two-way flows of different kinds of information. Remember, the stations of consciousness are you; they are stations of your conscious self.
After you feel that you are “getting it right” and you wish to some strength to your effort, then you may cautiously use your breath to assist you. Breath is the handle by which we move energies from one place to another, and by which we relocate or shift our conscious self from one place to another. But to be beneficial, our breath must be in accord and cooperation with the natural and healthy flow of energies. Be careful and cautious. When we combine consciousness and breath we have a potent mix with all manner of potential between benefit and harm. Exercise the breath gently and cautiously, and always for the best.
There is much in this post that is not directly said, but which may be gleaned. Previously this blog has dealt with the component parts and nature of the personality layers. Now it is delving into the nature of consciousness, the soul. And there is much more to this subject to cover yet. We are yet to cover exactly how the consciousness and personality interact, how works the very engine of being human. In the meantime and always, seek virtue before knowledge, purity before ability.
6 JD & SD, and IG
7 Knocks, commands, reports