The word intelligence comes from the Latin inter, meaning between; and from legere, meaning to choose; therefore: to choose between.
Intelligence is the ability to choose between one thing and another.
The ability to choose between one thing and another follows on from discrimination, which is the ability to distinguish between one thing and another, and which is the first ability of awareness.
There are three types of intelligence; these are:
1. Passive intelligence: is the ability to distinguish between one thing and another but no ability to freely choose – choice is pre-determined, pre-programmed.
Animals, computers and computer programs, and mechanical, elemental and psychological constructions have passive intelligence. Passive intelligence may posses a wide scope, be capable of the finest distinctions and have elaborate combinations of pre-programmed reactions built into it.
2. Active intelligence: is the ability to distinguish between one thing and another, combined with the ability to freely choose any option discerned. Active intelligence is the absence of pre-programming. Humans have active intelligence. Active intelligence is freewill, and carries responsibility with it.
3. Creative intelligence: is the ability to freely choose/select aspects from a variety of options and combine them together to create a previously imagined result. Humans have creative intelligence.
These three types of intelligence are each built one upon the essence of the prior. Creative intelligence is built upon active intelligence, which is built upon passive intelligence, which is built upon discernment, which is the first ability of awareness. This is because active intelligence requires the ability to discern differences, and creative intelligence requires the ability to make free choices. Each intelligence cannot exist without the essence of its prior upon which it is built.
An animal may appear to possess creative intelligence, such as a bird selecting materials and building a nest, but its selections are pre-programmed. This is a natural example of the elaborate and powerful potential of passive intelligence. Seemingly creative computer programs are another example; a man made one. Computers are often referred to as having artificial intelligence; in fact computers have elaborate passive intelligence.